Spanish Lesson: Estar de Rodrí­guez

April 21, 2011 By: erik Category: Family, Spain, Spanish 5,218 views

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Spanish QuestionThis is one of the more curious Spanish expressions to me. I think it was first introduced to me by my Spanish friends in England when my future wife traveled alone to Spain for a wedding and I had to stay behind because the British immigration officers were getting uneasy with me going to and from Spain so much. Here’s a brief definition of the expression, followed by a longer explanation I’ve gathered from some internet research:

estar de Rodrí­guez: adj. the state of being left at home alone to work by one’s spouse (wife, typically) and children, while they go on vacation.


The phrase originated in Madrid in the 1960’s and 1970’s, at the end of Franco’s dictatorship. During this era of Spanish history, there was a huge divide between the sexes in terms of social responsibilities and rights. A woman, for instance, could not open a bank account without her husband’s or father’s signature. Men were the primary breadwinners of the household and were considered completely inept with household chores. Women stayed at home raising the children, buying groceries, cooking and cleaning.

During these two decades, jobs were scarce, and it was very common – the norm, even – for families to leave the small agricultural countryside towns to go live in a big city, where the man could work a blue collar factory job. As a result, almost everyone in Spain has a hometown, referred to as el pueblo, that they are originally from, and many people still retain a house there. What the Spaniards I’ve met most often do with their vacation time is go back to their hometown. Thus, there are little dormant towns dotted across Spain, consisting of empty houses and a handful of year-round residents, that burst to life with emigrated residents during certain festive times of the year, such as Easter, all of August, and All Saints Day, a day when most Spaniards go visit their relatives’ graves. As will all traditions like this, eventually this ebb and flow of Spaniards to the countryside will cease, as younger generations feel less connection with their parents’ and grandparents’ hometowns, but it still has another generation or two of life in it.


Back when women were primarily housewives, it was common for the women to take the children (via bus or train, I suppose, since few women of that era ever learned to drive) back to the hometown a little early, before her husband got off work for vacation, and return later. Thus there were these times on the edge of vacations when the man would be home alone, left to fend for himself with whatever cooking abilities he possessed. And that is what it means to be de Rodrí­guez.

Today’s Meaning

There is a sense of playfulness to it, as in, “The wife’s gone, so I’m free to go out and party with my bachelor buddies!” The most equivalent English proverb is, “When the cat is away, the mice will play!” Personally, I use it as a time to leave empty beer cans around the house and then spend the last day cleaning the place up so all is spick and span when the cat my lovely wife gets home.

As women gain more and more equality in Spain, and men take more household and childrearing responsibilities, this phrase is also beginning to be apt for women to use as well.

Why Rodrí­guez?

The most frustrating aspect of this idiom is that nobody seems to know why the surname Rodrí­guez was chosen. It’s one of the most popular surnames in Spain. I’d like to think that it originates from one particular neighborhood in Madrid, where some fellow’s wife and children left him and he went wild with his freedom. So all the other men, when left temporarily by their families, would joke that “I’m like Rodrí­guez [for a few days]”, referring to that one individual.

This morning, my wife and daughter left to go to my wife’s parents’ hometown for a few days for Easter and left me home to work. ¡Estoy de Rodrí­guez!

  • I’ve heard another version of the origin of this phrase, but I don’t know if there’s any truth to it. It seems the men that stayed behind would use the name Rodrí­guez when visiting certain, um, women, while their wives were out, so as not to use their real surnames. But I like your version better.

    • erik

      Ooh! And I like your version better! Because it relies on the commonality of that surname.

  • Paul Franssen

    Very interesting, Erik! BTW, I “fell into your blog” by “chance”, you know, the chance that doesn’t in fact exist, because everyting is inter-related, especially these days.
    But my comment is that, thanks to your above entry, I now understand the deeper reasons for all these Spanish people I meet who say they are from, say, “Pozo de la Meseta” whilst living in Madrid. I walked from Salamanca to Santiago by way of the Ruta de la Plata, and seen strings of those villages “in the middle of nowhere”, empty except for the holidays. I corresponded with a lady (and never met her) who responded to some pictures “of her village” I’d posted somewhere on the net (Riego del Camino, where I met whom stated must be her niece, in “Bar Pepe” – more of a wooden shack, but fillled with bullicious people drinking “coñac” at 3 PM), and would you know it, this lady was born in Bilbao and now lives in Zamora…”her village”, yes, now I understand. Thanks Erik, que le vaya bien.

  • abuelo cebolleta

    I am Spanish, and Forges has some great cartoon on Rodriguez. To me, why the Surname Rodriguez is just a common family name – a prototypical man of his time. Could have been Garcia or Perez.

  • SkinnyLove

    Great explanation! I’d like to add a note on “Why “Rodriguez”? And it seems it comes as well from this Spanish movie called “El cálido verano del Señor Rodríguez” (1965). Where Mr. Rodriguez is up to extramarital adventures…

  • Jaime Soberón Diego

    Perfectly explained! I was having trouble trying to picture it out to an Australian friend of mine. I just sent him the link to your entry instead. 🙂
    Fun fact: The name of the Argentinian-Spanish band Los Rodríguez comes from this expression. Apparently it’s uncommon in Argentina, so when band members Andrés Calamaro and Ariel Rot moved to Madrid and heard it for the first time, they found it really funny and chose it as the band’s name.