A Guide To Spanish Meal Names

February 16, 2012 By: erik Category: Food, Spain, Spanish, Travel 14,994 views

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Beans and Wild BoarLearning the words for the meals of the day is difficult any time you change cultures, whether you change languages or not. In different parts of the US, for instance, the word “dinner” can either refer to the meal at midday or in the evening. It took me years of living the UK to realize that “having tea” doesn’t only refer to imbibing an infusion, but can often refer to the evening meal. In Spain, most people eat three main meals each day, but there are words for five meals. Confused? Let’s have a look…


Noun: desayuno
Served: wake up – 12:00 PM
Verb: desayunar

The first meal of the day. i.e. breakfast. It’s even a compound word, like “breakfast”, since ayuno means “fast” (as in not eating), and des- is a negating prefix, so you’re literally “un-fasting”. Unlike the US or the UK, the typical Spanish breakfast is very light and completely devoid of protein. The most common breakfast is a café con leche with some type of pastry or cookies.

I always assumed that Spanish farmers or other people that do long hours of manual labor in the mornings probably eat a heartier breakfast, but I know a few of them and they don’t.

Erik's Thanksgiving Apple Harvest Scones

A typical Spanish breakfast: coffee with milk and a pastry.


Noun: almuerzo
Served: 11:00 AM – 1:00 PM
Verb: almorzar

This one is complicated. The dictionary says it’s “food eaten in the morning or midday”. Spanish-to-English dictionaries always translate it to “lunch” and there are those who use it synonymously with comida, but I think the best English translation would be “brunch”. The few times I’ve had one, it was more substantial than a simple snack or tapa, and left me with no desire to have lunch afterwards. It’s normally served at around noon, or just before.

Interestingly, almuerzo breaks the etymological rule of thumb that most Spanish words starting with al- came from Arabic. This word comes from the Latin word for “bite”.

Sunday Almuerzo - Eggs and Bacon in Tomato Sauce

A typical Spanish almuerzo: a concoction of fried eggs, bacon in a tomato sauce, served at noon with plenty of wine.


Noun: comida
Served: 2:00 PM – 4:00 PM
Verb: comer

Translating best to “lunch”, this is the primary, and largest, meal of the day, eaten at midday. However, what the Spanish call “midday” is not what an American would call “midday”. In Spain, they eat their lunch between 2:00 PM and 4:00 PM. Most shops are closed during this time and reopen at 5:00 PM until about 8:00 PM. While the noun comida and verb comer mean “lunch” and “to have lunch”, they are also more generally used to mean “food” and “to eat”, and there is rarely any confusion.

Traditionally the midday meal consists of two courses, one of which normally requires a spoon to eat, like a soup or legume stew, the other is usually rice (e.g. paella), pasta or a small serving of meat. All restaurants assume that you will be having two courses. In daily home cooked practice, however, one course is all we ever eat.

Last time I checked, nutritionists and dietitians agree that it’s healthiest to have your biggest meal in the middle of the day like the Spaniards, rather than at the end as the Americans do. It may be healthier, but it can make it difficult to become productive again in the afternoon, especially if there was any wine involved.

Beans and Wild Boar

A typical Spanish lunch: beans with wild boar, followed by…

Venison Fillet

…a steak with fried potatoes.


Noun: merienda
Served: 5:00 PM – 6:00 PM
Verb: merendar

This is another in-between meal – like the almuerzo – and best translates to “afternoon snack”. I never really heard it used until I became a parent and saw that every Spanish child has an afternoon snack of some sort, be it a piece of fruit or a small sandwich. From what I can tell, most adults don’t eat the merienda, but I suppose the word could be used for some British-style tea and cookies.

Tapas in San Sebastian

A typical Spanish merienda: a small serrano ham sandwich.


Noun: cena
Served: 9:00 PM – 10:00 PM
Verb: cenar

The final meal of the day is strangely similar to the US or UK breakfast: high in protein. Eggs are a common ingredient, often in a tortilla de patata (Spanish omelet). Meats and cheeses are often included. If you go out to a restaurant, sandwiches and hamburgers are a common supper.

Finished Tortilla

A typical Spanish dinner: tortilla de patata.

If there’s one thing Spaniards love, it’s food, and I think it shows in their language. Of course no one ever eats all five meals, but no matter what time of the day you get hungry, you’ve got a Spanish noun and verb to use.

  • This is a good guide. I used to think they went from 8 a.m. to 3 p.m. with just their breakfast and I was astounded. (Some do this, I know.) But after I found out about the mid-morning coffee break, I felt like, “Okay, I can make it in Spain.” Haha.

  • I actually know quite a few adults that do eat all five meals, although many have more of an aperitivo than an almuerzo, which is supposedly a little lighter (but that depends on who is eating it)…and, contrary to what you would think, none of them are fat.  Just goes to show you that quality counts.  And I’ve seen some of those manual laborers substitute a hearty breakfast with a good “carajillo”, which probably isn’t too healthy, but I guess it keeps them going. ;D  Great explanation of all the different meals.

  • Good thing I had a big lunch, otherwise I’d be really hungry after seeing all those photos…

  • Gmiles316

    I very much enjoyed this article. My mother’s family is Tejano of Spanish Colonial Mexican stock and my companion is Colombian from the Paesa region (in other words – both very, traditional Spanish regions of their respective “colonies”).  We have a constant back and forth about these terms; my mother (and all of her siblings) say that almuerzo is breakfast and comida is lunch while my companion says that almuerzo is lunch and comida is early supper/dinner.  I always have to translate when we invite my mother over “a almorzar” – or she might show up at 9:00 or 10:00 a.m.  Part of the problem seems to be the adjustment to American mealtimes and which labels to apply from Spanish when going from five to three meals a day… personally, I don’t see why we don’t adopt the five meal approach but then I live in a country that thinks lunch should be 15 minutes at McDonalds…